Pengaruh Kompres Kubis Terhadap Breast Engorgement Ibu Postpartum Sectio Caesarea

Yuni Astuti, Tuti Anggarawati

Abstract


Sectio caesarea is a delivery by making an incision in uterus through the front
wall of the abdomen. Sectio caesarea actions cause pain due to surgery. She also had pain, fatigue and prolonged labor process can cause breast engorgement. Engorgement is a condition where the breasts become full due to static ASI lymphatic flow, increased congestion and vascularity, and can lead to
accumulation of intra-caudal pressure that will affect the segment of the breast so that the whole pressure increased breast. Non-pharmacological management used to overcome this problem is to use cabbage compresses. Cabbage leaves contain an amino acid that is believed to reduce the breast engorgement. This study aims to determine the effect of cabbage compress to decrease breast engorgement scale of post partum section caesarea. This study used a quasi-experimental research design with a one group pre-post test design. Sampling technique with consecutive sampling. Population in this study were post partum section caesarea with breast engorgement in Rumkit Bhakti Wira Tamtama from June to August 2017. The analysis using the Wilcoxon test. Results has difference in scale breast engorgement before and after cabbage compress on postpartum maternal section caesarea with p value 0,001 (<0,05). Conclusion there are significant cabbage compress to decrease postpartum sectio caesarea with breast engorgement after compresses cabbage. This intervention is recommended to increase the comfort of post partum sectio caesarea with breast engorgement.


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References


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Preventive & Social Medicine, 33(3), 160–

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https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27

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Indication ), 331–338.

Villarreal, J., Noe, L., Thelma, L., & Yolanda,

V. (2007). Composition and methode for

reducing symptoms of breast

engorgement, 1(60), 11.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2003

.09.025

Witt, A. M., Bolman, M., & Sheila Kredit.

(2016). Mothers Value and Utilize Early

Outpatient Education on Breast Massage

and Hand Expression. Breastfeeding

Medicine, 11(9), 1–7.

https://doi.org/10.1089/bfm.2016.0100

Alligood, M. (2014). Nursing theorist and their

work (8th ed.). St. Louis, Missouri:

Elsevier Mosby.

Arora, S., Vatsa, M., & Dadhwal, V. (2008). A

Comparison of Cabbage Leaves vs. Hot

and Cold Compresses in the Treatment of

Breast Engorgement. Indian Journal of

Community Medicine : Official

Publication of Indian Association of

Preventive & Social Medicine, 33(3), 160–

https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-

42053

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2012). Survei demografi

kesehatan Indonesia 2012. Jakarta: Badan

Pusat Statistik. Retrieved from

http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/downl

oad/pusdatin/profil-kesehatanindonesia/profil-kesehatan-indonesia-

pdf

Boi, B., Koh, S., & Gail, D. (2012). The

effectiveness of cabbage leaf application

(treatment) on pain and hardness in breast

engorgement and its effect on the duration

of breastfeeding. JBI Libr Syst Rev.,

(29), 1185–1213. Retrieved from

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27

Chertok, I. R., & Shoham-vardi, I. (2008).

Infant hospitalization and breastfeeding

post-caesarean section, 17(12), 786–791.

Retrieved from

https://www.magonlinelibrary.com/doi/ab

s/10.12968/bjon.2008.17.12.30311

Coca, P., Gamba, M., & Silvia, R. (2009). Does

breastfeeding position influence the onset

of nipple trauma ? *. Rev Esc Enferm USP,

(2), 442–B. Retrieved from

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/552c/830

c137741a4ba7e77c6fd2dff0218b85.p

df

Dalimartha, S., & Adrian, F. (2013). Fakta

ilmiah buah dan sayur. Jakarta: Penebar

Swadaya Grup.

Davis, M. (2014). Engorgement: the cabbage

cure. Retrieved from

http://www.breastfeedingonline.com/artic

les.shtml#sthash.Ykv7d43m.dpbs

Desmawati. (2013). Penentu Kecepatan

Pengeluaran Air Susu Ibu setelah Sectio

caesarea. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat

Nasional, 7(8), 5–9. Retrieved from

https://media.neliti.com/media/publicatio

ns/39658-ID-penentu-kecepatanpengeluaran-air-susu-ibu-setelah-sectiocaesarea.pdf

Dimitraki, M., Tsikouras, P., Manav, B., &

Gioka, T. (2015). Evaluation of the effect

of natural and emotional stress of labor on

lactation and breast-feeding. Archives of

Gynecology and Obstetrics.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00404-015-3783-

Erna. (2015). Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu Nifas

tentang Bendungan ASI di di BPM Alfirdaus Ngemplak Boyolali. STIKes

Kusuma Husada Surakarta.

Evariny, A. (2010). No Title. Jakarta: PT Buana

Ilmu Populer.

Green, W. (2015). The New Parents’ Survival

Guide: The First Three Months. Chicester:

Summersdale Publishers LTD – ROW.

Katherine, R. S., Ruowei, L., Sandra, Benton,

D., & Laurence, M, Grummer, S. (2005).

The CDC Guide For Breastfeeding.

Atlanta: U.S. Departement Of Health And

Human Servise. Retrieved from

https://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/pdf/br

eastfeeding_interventions.pdf

Khasanah, N. (2011). ASI atau Susu Formula

ya ? Jogjakarta: FlashBook.

Lim, A. R., Song, J. A., Hur, M. H., Lee, M. K.,

& Lee, M. S. (2015). Cabbage

compression early breast care on breast

engorgement in primiparous women after

cesarean birth: A controlled clinical trial.

International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, 8(11), 21335–

Retrieved from

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26

Mangesi, L., & Zakarija-Grkovic, I. (2016).

Treatments for breast engorgement during

lactation. Cochrane Database of

Systematic Reviews, 2016(6).

https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD006

pub3

Manuaba. (2010). Ilmu Kebidanan Penyakit

Kandungan Dan Keluarga berencana

Untuk Pendidikan Bidan. Jakarta: EGC.

Maryunani A. (2012). Inisiasi menyusu dini,asi

ekslusif dan manajemen laktasi. (Maftuhin

TA, Ed.) (Pertama). Jakarta: Trans Info

Media.

Mubarak, Iqbal, W. (2012). Ilmu Kesehatan

Masyarakat Konsep dan Aplikasi dalam

Kebidanan. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.

Mulyawati, I., Azam, M., & Ningrum,

Anggraini, Nur, D. (2011). Faktor

Tindakan Persalinan Operasi Sectio

caesarea. Kesmas, 7(1), 14–21. Retrieved

from

https://journal.unnes.ac.id/nju/index.php/

kemas/article/view/1788/1979

Nareswati, P. . (2014). A-Z daftar tanaman obat

ampuh di sekitar kita. Jogjakarta:

Flasbook.

Notoatmodjo, S. (2012). Promosi Kesehatan

dan Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka

Cipta.

Orshan, A. . (2007). Maternity, newborn, and

women’s health nursing comprehensive

care across the like span. Philadelphia:

Lippincot Williams & Wilkins.

Perry, & Potter. (2010). Fundamental Of

Nursing: Consep, Proses and Practice

(7th ed.). Jakarta: EGC.

Prasetyono, Dwi, S. (2009). Buku Pintar ASI

Eksklusif. Jogjakarta: Diva Press.

Ren, W. K., Yin, J., Zhu, X. P., Liu, G., Li, N.

G., Peng, Y. Y., & Yin, Y. . (2013).

Glutamine Glutamine on Intestinal

Inflammation: A Mechanistic Perspective.

Europ J Inflamm, 11(2), 315–326.

Saifuddin, A. (2012). Buku Acuan Nasional

Pelayanan Kesehatan Maternal Neonatal.

Jakarta: Yayasan Bina Pustaka. Sarwono

Prawirohardjo.

Sartini, Widya, L., & Rahmalia, S. (2012).

Hubungan tingkat pengetahuan dengan

sikap ibu menyusui mengatasi bendungan

ASI di Puskesmas Sentajo. Retrieved from

https://repository.unri.ac.id/bitstream/han

dle/123456789/1875/MANUSKRIP

SARTINI .pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Sinclair, C. (2010). Buku saku Kebidanan.

Jakarta: EGC.

Solihati, T., & Kosasih, Ali, C. (2015). No Title.

Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Sujiyatini. (2009). Asuhan Patologi Kebidanan.

Yogyakarta: Pustaka Nuha Medika.

Suradi, R., & Hegar. (2010). Indonesia

Menyusui. Jakarta: IDAI.

Suryati, T. (2010). Persentase Operasi

Caeesaria Di Indonesia Melebihi Standard

Maksimal , Apakah Sesuai Indikasi

Medis? ( Percentage of Sectio Caesaria in

Indonesia is Passad the Maximum

Standard , is it in accordance to Medical

Indication ), 331–338.

Villarreal, J., Noe, L., Thelma, L., & Yolanda,

V. (2007). Composition and methode for

reducing symptoms of breast

engorgement, 1(60), 11.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2003

.09.025

Witt, A. M., Bolman, M., & Sheila Kredit.

(2016). Mothers Value and Utilize Early

Outpatient Education on Breast Massage

and Hand Expression. Breastfeeding

Medicine, 11(9), 1–7.

https://doi.org/10.1089/bfm.2016.0100


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