Perbedaan Pengetahuan Remaja Sebelum dan Sesudah Diberikan Pendidikan Kesehatan tentang Seks Pranikah

Hesti Hanafi, Isfaizah Isfaizah

Abstract


The number of adolescents will continue to increase along with changes in the age structure of the population, where adolescents are vulnerable to risky acts and raises various problems related to the maturity of the reproductive organs, namely free sex or premarital sex and has an impact on pregnancy outside of marriage and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. The lack of sexual education in adolescents is the basis for the large number of free sex practices in adolescents. The purpose of the study was to determine the difference in adolescent knowledge before and after being given health education about premarital sex at SMK Nusapersada Tengaran. The research design used quasi-experimental, with one group pretest posttest design. The population is all students of SMK Nusapersada as many as 85 students and a sample of 46 students taken by purposive sampling technique. The instrument used is a questionnaire that adopts Vivin Dyah (2018). Data analysis uses univariate analysis with frequency distribution and bivariate analysis with non-parametric Wilcoxon test because the data is not normally distributed. The results of univariate analysis showed that the average knowledge of adolescents about premarital sex before being given health education was 18.72 and after being given health education was 2.770. Different tests showed that there was a difference in adolescent knowledge about premarital sex before and after being given health education (p < 0.001). Health education is able to increase adolescent knowledge about premarital sex. Midwives are expected to increase counseling activities and approaches to adolescents about premarital sex in order to reduce the incidence of premarital sex.

 

Abstrak

Jumlah remaja akan terus mengalami peningkatan seiring dengan perubahan dari struktur usia penduduk, dimana remaja rentan melakukan perbuatan yang beresiko dan memunculkan berbagai masalah yang berkaitan dengan kematangan organ reproduksi yaitu perilaku seks bebas atau seks pranikah dan berdampak pada kehamilan diluar pernikahan dan terjangkitnya penyakit menular seksual. Minimnya pendidikan seksual pada remaja menjadi dasar penyebab banyaknya angka praktek seks bebas pada remaja. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui perbedaan pengetahuan remaja sebelum dan sesudah diberikan Pendidikan Kesehatan tentang seks pranikah di SMK Nusapersada Tengaran. Desain penelitian menggunakan quasi eksperimental, dengan one group pretest posttest design. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa SMK Nusapersada sebanyak 85 siswa dan sampel sebanyak 46 siswa yang diambil dengan teknik purposive sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kusioner yang mengadop dari Vivin Dyah (2018) analisis data menggunakan analisis univariate dengan distribusi frekuensi dan analisis bivariate dengan uji non parametik uji Wilcoxonkarena data berdistribusi tidak normal. Analisis univariat didapatkan rerata pengetahuan remaja tentang seks pranikah sebelum diberikan pendidikan kesehatan 18,72 dan sesudah diberikan pendidikan kesehatan 2,770. Uji beda diperoleh ada perbedaan pengetahuan remaja tentang seks pranikah sebelum dan sesudah diberikan pendidikan kesehatan (p< 0,001). Pendidikan kesehatan mampu meningkatkan pengetahuan remaja tentang seks pranikah. Bidan diharapkan meningkatkan kegiatan penyuluhan dan pendekatan kepada remaja tentang seks pranikah guna mengurangi kejadian seks pranikah. 

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.35473/ijm.v5i2.1897

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